Gender Differences in Intimate Partner Violence Victimization, Help-Seeking, And Outcomes Among College Students


  • Hyunkag Cho Michigan State University
  • Jisuk Seon
  • Ga-Young Choi
  • Soonok An
  • Ilan Kwon
  • Yoon Joon Choi
  • Seunghye Hong
  • Jungeun Olivia Lee
  • Esther Son
  • Sung Hyun Yun



Intimate partner violence, gender, help-seeking, college


Many college students experience intimate partner violence (IPV). Although receiving help from formal and informal sources may ameliorate possible negative impacts of IPV victimization, the outcomes of help-seeking are not always positive. This study used survey data collected at six universities across the United States (U.S.) to examine gender differences in IPV, help-seeking, and its outcomes (n=3,070). Major variables included IPV victimization, IPV consequences, help-seeking, and outcomes. Descriptive and bivariate analyses revealed higher rates of victimization among females as well as poorer health status, higher levels of depression, and more daily routine problems. Females also used more formal help, and reported it as being useful more often than males. Inversely, more males than females reported that informal supports were helpful. Recommendations include social workers providing tailored services both for male and female survivors, service providers developing educational programs that target informal help sources, and social work education providing relevant trainings.

Author Biography

Hyunkag Cho, Michigan State University

Assistant Professor School of Social Work Michigan State University


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