Implementing Trauma-Informed Care: Recommendations on the Process


  • Diane K. Yatchmenoff Portland State University
  • Stephanie A. Sundborg Portland State University
  • Mildred A. Davis Portland State University



Trauma informed care, implementation, health and human services


The importance of trauma-informed care (TIC) is now recognized across most health and human service systems. Providers are calling for concrete examples of what TIC means in practice and how to create more trauma-informed organizations. However, much of the current understanding about implementation rests on principles and values rather than specific recommendations for action. This paper addresses this gap based on observations during the provision of technical assistance over the past decade in fields like mental health and addictions, juvenile justice, child welfare, healthcare, housing, and education. Focusing on the infrastructure for making change (the TIC workgroup), assessment and planning, and the early stages of implementation, the authors discuss barriers and challenges that are commonly encountered, strategies that have proven effective in addressing barriers, and specific action steps that can help sustain momentum for the longer term.

Author Biographies

Diane K. Yatchmenoff, Portland State University

Regional Research Institute for Human Services, School of Social Work

Adjunct Research Assistant Professor

Stephanie A. Sundborg, Portland State University

Regional Research Institute for Human Services, School of Social Work

Mildred A. Davis, Portland State University

Regional Research Institute for Human Services, School of Social Work

Associate Professor of Practice


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